Munich 11 widow Ankie Spitzer keeps up her fight for a minute of Olympic time
WEST NYACK, N.Y. – The room was splashed in blood, the walls riddled with bullet holes. Ankie Spitzer stood amid the chaos and made a vow.
“If this is the place where Andrei spent the last hours of his life, he and his friends, I am not going to shut up. I will tell this story,” said Spitzer, whose late husband, Andrei, was the fencing coach for the 1972 Israeli Olympic delegation.
And for the past 40 years, as each Olympics approaches, she has kept her promise to remember the Israeli delegation members who were held hostage and murdered by eight members of the Palestinian terrorist group Black September during the XX Olympiad in Munich.
The terrorists murdered two Israelis, Moshe Weinberg and Yosef Romano, at the outset. They held the remaining nine bound one to another, Spitzer’s husband included, for 20 hours, demanding that Israel release 234 Palestinians held in Israeli prisons. The nine died in a two-hour firefight during a botched German rescue attempt at a nearby airport.
|Ankie Spitzer, at right, and JCC Rockland’s CEO, David Kirschtel, stand in front of the JCC’s memorial to the Munich 11. photo by marla cohen|
“It cannot be that in the Olympic Village that this happened to 11 athletes,” Spitzer said in a recent interview from her home in Petach Tikvah, Israel. “They were not armed. They did not come to fight. They came to participate in the Olympics. It cannot be that tomorrow, nobody will talk about this anymore.”
And now, as the XXX Olympic Games in London approach, people are talking. That 2012 marks 40 years and the 10th Olympiad since the killings. These round numbers account for some of the attention. An online petition at Change.org has sparked the rest.
Spitzer’s quest began almost as soon as Jim McKay, the ABC sportscaster, uttered those now famous words, “They’re all gone,” to an international television audience. Only 26 at the time, Spitzer was a recent immigrant to Israel, not yet fluent in Hebrew, with a 2-month-old daughter, Anouk. A native of Holland, she had married her fencing instructor, Andrei, 15 months earlier. She returned to Israel, along with the coffins of the athletes, filled with sorrow and hate.
About two months after the massacre, she realized that she did not want to raise Anouk with such feelings.
“I could not wake with hatred in my heart because you cannot think straight, you cannot raise a kid,” she said. “Hatred and revenge are not a part of me. I am an optimist and believe in the Olympic ideal.”
About a year later, she wrote her first letters to the International Olympic Committee. Spitzer asked not if the IOC would be doing anything, but how it would be remembering the 11 at the Montreal Games in 1976. She simply assumed the IOC would be doing something.
The letters went unanswered.
About two years into her “pestering,” as Spitzer calls it, she met Romano’s widow, Ilana, and the two began working together. She and Romano paid their own way to Montreal, where they held a packed news conference, attended the opening ceremony, “and sat there like two idiots with black armbands.”
No mention was made of the murdered Israelis at that ceremony.
The Jewish community of Montreal held a memorial in a synagogue that drew more than 5,000 people. Spitzer recalls the ceremony as “very beautiful, but it wasn’t what I wanted.”
“We were at the Olympics. Ilana and I kept waiting for the moment when they would still do something. And we were very, very disappointed,” she said.
As the decades have passed, Spitzer, a television journalist who at 66 still aggressively covers Israel for Dutch and Belgian television and radio, has continued her campaign for a minute of silence.
Spitzer has attended each Olympic Games since 1972, with the exception of Moscow in 1980, in which Israel did not participate, and Los Angeles in 1984. She has continued to pursue a memorial, despite knowing it is a long shot.
Her perseverance and diligence come as no surprise to those who have watched her lobby Israel’s politicians and confront national and international Olympic officials over the years.
“She doesn’t give up, but there is no chance,” said Uri Afek, a three-time Israeli Olympic delegation head and past director-general of the Israel Olympic Committee.
Time, he says, is pressing on those who want to see the IOC remember the murdered athletes now.
“The families are not so young,” Afek, 80, said of the Munich 11 relatives. “They are looking at it like it’s the last chance.”
In May, IOC President Jacques Rogge turned down an official request for a commemoration from Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon. While Israel has never actively pressed the cause until now, Ayalon’s interest fronts a large groundswell of worldwide political support. On Monday, the U.S. Senate passed a resolution asking for a minute of silence. A similar resolution passed in the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee and in the N.Y. State Assembly.
Canadian, Australian, and British lawmakers have taken up the cause, with similar support. Germany’s foreign minister sent a letter to Rogge, and Ayalon is looking to introduce a measure in the Knesset.
According to Spitzer, the online petition at Change.org spurred most of the interest. Initiated by the JCC Rockland in suburban New York two years ago as it decided to dedicate the JCC Maccabi Games it is hosting in August to the Munich 11, it was immediately championed by this newspaper, which also publishes the Rockland Jewish Standard. The Jewish Standard has published many editorials and follow-up pieces about the drive for a moment of silence, and frequently includes the URL, http://chn.ge/muchin11, as it urges readers to sign the petition. The effort has gone viral.
JCC Rockland’s CEO, David Kirschtel, got in touch with Spitzer two years ago, hoping she would approve of the project and attend one of the 11 memorial events leading up to the Maccabi Games.
“You could tell in talking to her that this was a driven woman, a woman who cared deeply about the importance of remembering,” Kirschtel said. “She had nothing but consideration for the athletes, the husbands, the family members.”
Spitzer is not the only person to attribute the extraordinary attention focused on this issue during this Olympic cycle to the petition. Ben Berger, whose Cleveland-born son, David, a weightlifter, was the only American among the murdered athletes, says the petition really has made a difference this year.
“We’ve had anniversaries ever since 1972, but it’s pretty hard to ignore a petition that has 70,000 signatures,” said Berger, who has lobbied on his own since 1972 for a “moment of silence for peace among nations.” (As of press time, that number has risen to more than 87,000.) Thousands of signatures notwithstanding, he doesn’t see the IOC changing its policy.
Spitzer doesn’t see her quest as quixotic or obsessed. She likes to note that in addition to having a demanding career, she has raised four children; she offers this as evidence that she has other interests and pursuits.
Nonetheless, she has been living most of her life with the weight of what happened in Munich upon her. She had to pause to think how those events had changed her.
“I don’t know how I would have been different,” she said. “It does teach you a few things. It teaches you how important it is when you have found the love of your life, that it exists. I did that with Andrei.”
The memory of that love spurs her forward and she vows today, just as she did in 1972, to continue. She believes that one day the IOC will cave in, if not to her, to her children or their children.
“I think one day it is going to happen, but maybe I’m a totally unrealistic person,” she said. “If they had done it already, I’d be gone.”
More on: Tarnished gold
As support mounts, Olympic committee still says no
International support is growing for a moment of silence at the opening ceremonies of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games to honor the memories of the 11 Israeli athletes who were murdered by Palestinian terrorists on the final day of the games 40 years ago. The committee that runs the quadrennial event, however, continues to turn a deaf ear to the pleas. The Olympics begin in London on July 27.
Jacques Rogge, president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), said several times in the last few months that such a tribute has no place at the games themselves. Nonetheless, “within the Olympic family, the memory of the victims of the terrible massacre in Munich in 1972 will never fade away,” he wrote in a letter on May 1 rejecting the request.
Scholars seek to keep alive memory of Olympic terror
Forty years ago, Palestinian “Black September” terrorists murdered 11 Israeli team members during the Olympic Games in Munich. Although the International Olympic Committee (IOC) declined Israel’s request for a moment of silence at this summer’s London games, there are scholars working to ensure that the 1972 tragedy is not forgotten.
One such expert is David Clay Large, a professor of history at Montana State University and author of the book Munich 1972: Tragedy, Terror, and Triumph at the Olympic Games.
In May, Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon wrote to the IOC on behalf of the widows of two 1972 victims, who called for a moment of silence as a memorial during the upcoming Olympics. IOC President Jacques Rogge responded that a moment of silence would not be held because the IOC “has officially paid tribute to the memory of the athletes on several occasions.”
London’s Jews prepare for Olympics with Munich 11 on their minds
LONDON – For the British Jewish community, the most memorable moment of the London Olympics may be a somber one.
On Aug. 6, several hundred people are expected to attend a commemoration for the 11 Israeli athletes and coaches murdered by Palestinian terrorists during the 1972 Munich Olympics.
“From conversations across the community, the key thing people are engaged in around the Olympics is that they want to see a commemoration of Munich,” Peter Mason, director of the London Jewish Forum, said.